Tomás Santa Rosa
Tomás Santa Rosa
Brazil - 1909 - 1956
Tomás Santa Rosa (João Pessoa PB 1909 - New Delhi, India 1956).
Set designer. Integral founder of the theatre company Os Comediantes e Teatro Experimental do Negro (TEN). Tomás Santa Rosa is the first modern Brazilian set designer. He made the set of Nelson Rodrigues' Vestido de Noiva, 1943, a show that marks the emergence of modern Brazilian theater in the 1940s.
His first set design was in the show Asia, by Lenormand, Álvaro Moreyra company, in 1937. In the same year, he worked with the set of actor Jaime Costa’s A Loira Oxigenada, by Henrique Pongetti, and Anna Christie.
It is the first nucleus of Os Comediantes, along with the actress Luiza Barreto Leite and the director Jorge de Castro, in 1938. He already completes the set design for the first work of the group, in 1940, in The Truth of Each One, Luigi Pirandello, with direction of Adacto Filho.
When the company organizes itself administratively in 1941, Santa Rosa becomes its art director and leads the thinking around the creation of a systematic study parallel to the work of new assemblies. Subsequently, he assumes the vice presidency of the company. In 1942, scenography for Orpheus, by Jean Cocteau and precious ridiculous Moliere, Ziembinski first direction to the Comediantes, followed by three more work until the dedication in 1943.
From there, Ziembinski seeks, whenever possible, the scenographer partnership. Even when critics did not understand the work of the Polish director, they applauded the innovations of Santa Rosa, as in Pelleas and Melisanda, Maeterlink, 1944: "... the environment prepared by Santa Rosa mirrored with expression, and even with poetry, the unconscious and the subconscious that palpitates in the words, the gestures, the looks of the characters ... "
Santa Rosa continues to accompany Ziembinski and, in 1950, works in Dorotaia, by Nelson Rodrigues, a failure of which the Polish director was proud, among other things, of the set. According to his testimony: "It had a great set by Santa Rosa, which in fact had practically nothing. It was a huge stage, like a ring, with a small space in the front, and a brutal cyclorama illuminated by blue."
He made the set for Senhora dos Afogados, another Nelson Rodrigues, directed by Bibi Ferreira, for the National Dramatic Company (CDN), 1954.
From 1952, Santa Rosa is responsible for the coordination and orientation of the Municipal Theater of Rio de Janeiro. Without even taking the degree as a professional branch, he directs the National Conservatory of Theater and teaches a stage course in the SNT. He is one of the founders of Sua Revista Magazine, A Manhã (newspaper) and Rio Magazine. Writes the art criticism column of Diário de Notícias. He collaborates for Dom Casmurro - a publication specialized in theater.