Brazil - 1907 - 2003
Cicero Dias was born in Jundiá Engenho, municipality of Escada, 50 kilometers from Recife (PE) on March 5, 1907 and, soon, he moved to the Rio de Janeiro. Registering in the National School of Fine Arts, presented at the outset with a restless and volatile temperament. He began studying sculpture, and in short time, withdrew that option, replacing it by painting, in whose study also did not remain for long.
His great interest was trying out new trends, the idea put into severe shock to the guidance of the Academy. Asking, therefore, its shutdown, from 1928 started to study by themselves and that same year, made its first individual in the circumstances already noted above.
In 1929, he returned to his land, making a presentation in Recife, where it caused scandal recorded in Rio de Janeiro. Formed, then the concept that the problem was in large centers, which grew prejudices, and thus had difficulty in accepting or at least test new proposals.
To prove his thesis that held three more exhibitions, this time in the interior of Pernambuco, where his painting was accepted more easily.
"The people are not strange," he concluded, "who is the odd bad educated, the bourgeois, but not the people."
Released from academic education, their art has gained more freedom of expression, apparently without the fine treatment that the orthodox painters in general, provide for their tables.
The paintings of Cicero, in the words of one critic, were formed by "loose and poorly constructed images (...) through a language such as primitive, or the children.
With the start of the 2nd Republic (1930-1945), architect Lúcio Costa (1902-1999) assumed the directorship of the National School of Fine Arts and started a process of renewal, not accepted by other teachers, he created a series of embarrassing resulting in his resignation shortly afterwards.
But at least that year of 1931, Lúcio Costa was director and opened the registrations for the annual Fair, releasing it to all trends of art, not just academic.
Cicero Dias took the opportunity and did not leave for less. Prepared a screen with more than twenty meters in length, as do the grafiteiros today, it painted everything you would by imaginations of common scenes, children, even erotic scenes.
Needless to say, the scandal was repeated, this time with property damage, because the large panel was destroyed in several places, forcing you to do the restoration. Expurgated the strongest scenes, the panel was still with 17 meters in length.
Die Cícero Dias